Where do I begin? goat milk nutrition has countless benefits to offer - huge amounts of calcium, iron, magnesium, far exceeding that of cow milk, and this is only the beginning of all the studies that are being done on goats milk! It also contains CLA (conjugated linolenic acid). CLA is great for heart health and has anti-cancer properties, according to research.
Read on if you want the full-out story on why goat milk is so amazing for your body... or follow this link to get the quick facts about goat milk as it compares to cow milk.
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Goat milk nutrition has been studied and proven to be a feasible nutraceutical for gastrointestinal disorders. It is easier to digest than cows’ milk and may have certain therapeutic value. Goat milk differs from cow or human milk in its higher digestibility, distinct alkalinity, higher buffering capacity, and therapeutic values in medicine and human nutrition. Goat milk and cheese can be digested by the body within 20 minutes, while the same process for cow's milk would take anywhere from 2-4 hours! 
Supplying goat’s milk in the diet rather than cow’s milk can also lead to an increase in the biliary secretion of cholesterol and a decrease in plasma cholesterol concentration. Studies also suggest that oligosaccharides from goat milk play important roles in intestinal protection and repair after damage caused by DSS-induced colitis.
The higher proportion of medium-chain fatty acids in goat milk are known to be:
According to some authors, goat’s milk can be consumed without negative effects for people suffering cow milk allergy. Symptoms of allergy to goat milk appeared at a much later age than cow-milk allergy; this may benefit younger infants who are dependent on milk as their main source of nutrients. Goat milk has been shown to have lower levels of αs1- casein, which then causes the proportion of serum proteins to be higher, which is one factor in causing allergic reactions. This aspect is the first reason normally given to explain the greater digestive utilization made of goat milk protein than of cow milk protein.
Most people know that you're not supposed to drink milk with steak - don't mix your calcium (Ca) intake with your iron (Fe) intake!
... but WAIT!
Goat milk sustains high calcium availability without restriction of iron utilization, as is frequently the case with bovine milk. So - goat ahead... drink your glass of refreshing milk with your steak! although really, nothing beats a glass of wine with steak, of course ;)
Studies show that goats' milk could help prevent diseases such as anemia (iron deficiency) and bone demineralization (softening of the bones), as it helps with the digestive and metabolic utilization of minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. 
Nucleotides (Nu) is commonly added to infant formulas, as it is assumed to facilitate immune maturation of the milk-fed offspring. Goat milk is great for your infant and for your child's growth and development, as it contains a complex array of Nucleotides (Nu). The Nu content of infant formula made from goat milk approaches the same levels as human milk without the need for additional Nu. 
Polyamines has been shown to be important for optimal growth, gastrointestinal tract (GIT) cell function, maturation of GIT enzymes and have been implicated in reducing the incidence of food allergy in infants. Goat colostrum and milk are packed with polyamines, highest compared to milk of other mammals (eg. human, cow) .
Oligosaccharides, which are common carbohydrates, are considered to be beneficial components of human milk due to their prebiotic and anti-infective properties. According to testing, goat milk contains 4-5 times higher amounts than cow milk, and 10 times higher amounts than sheep milk. The oligosaccharides in goat milk are complex, with a profile most similar to human milk, in comparison to cows and sheep. Thus, goat milk appears to be an attractive natural source of human-like oligosaccharides for infant, follow on, and health-promoting formulas, due to its composition and content. 
Goat milk has a 40% higher content of medium-chain fatty acids than cow milk. When the values are expressed as mg/100 g of milk, the difference rises to as much as 115%. Goat milk fat is of higher nutritional quality than cow milk since it is richer in medium chain triglycerides (MCT) and has higher carnitine content. These lipids increase the energy production derived from fatty acids. 
Drink goats milk, be energized!!!
Mineral contents of goat milk are much higher than those of human milk. Over all the studies of goat milk nutrition, it is proven to have more Ca, P, K, Mg and Cl, and less Na and S contents than cow milk. Goat and human milk contain higher levels of Se than cow milk. In addition, there is a great beneficial effect of goat milk consumption on Fe metabolism. Goat milk contains significantly greater iodine contents than human milk. Goat milk supplies adequate amounts of Vitamin A and niacin, and excesses of thiamin, riboflavin and pantothenate for a human infant. If a human infant fed solely on goat milk, the infant is oversupplied with protein, Ca, P, Vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and pantothenate... giving the best start possible to your infant. 
Cheeses made from goat’s milk are generally whiter in color because goats are able to convert b-carotene into vitamin A and also produce milk with smaller diameter fat globules compared to that produced by cows. 
Goat milk has more free amino acids, and its unique casein precipitates more readily into finer particles than cow milk.
It is reported that the bioavailability of Zinc (Zn) is enhanced by goat milk in comparison to cow milk. Also goat milk has high carnitine content, as well as high chloride and potassium contents. 
Goat milk contains a similar amino acid profile to cow and human milk except for a lower concentration of cysteine. It is also a valuable source of taurine for the human neonate and the adult.
Let's just say that goat milk nutrition benefits are endless.
So pour a glass. Enjoy. Live long and prosper.
Goat Milk Nutrition