Anglo Nubian Goats

Nubian Doe

Not only do Anglo Nubian goats make wonderful pets, they also are well-suited to commercial scale production of milk and/or meat.  Although they will produce less milk, is extremely creamy and rich in flavour, perfect for cheese-making.  The kids grow quickly and put on flesh easily, making it a great dual purpose breed.

Of the dairy goat breeds, the Anglo Nubian goats are best suited to hot climates, and as such has been exported around the world to increase the milk yield and meat production of local breeds.

Many animals of this breed are prolific; twins, triplets or quadruplets are common when the doe is well-managed. The breeding season is much longer than that of the Swiss breeds so it is possible to produce milk year round.

History

Nubian goats are named after Nubia, in northeastern Africa.  The original goats imported from Africa, Arabia and India were long-legged, hardy goats that had some characteristics desired by goat breeders in England.  English breeders crossed these imported bucks on the common short-haired does of England prior to 1895 to develop the Anglo-Nubian goat.  In the United States, the breed is usually referred to as the Nubian.

For more information about the history of the Anglo-Nubian, follow this link:
http://www.i-n-b-a.org/history.htm

Nubian Goats Milk Production

Anglo-Nubian milk cannot be beaten in taste and quality. Compared with other breeds, their milk is high in both butterfat and protein, tests having shown an average of 4.5% butterfat and 3.8% protein.  This amount is surpassed only by that of the Nigerian Dwarf, Pygmy, and Boer goat breeds, all of which are less likely to be used for large scale milk production such as in a dairy or cheese making. 

The average Anglo-Nubian has a high daily weight of fat and protein. It is for this reason that the milk is of such interest to cheese-makers. 5.00 Kgs of milk at 4.5% butterfat (the A.N.) is the equivalent of 7.50 Kgs of milk at 3% butterfat in weight of fat. The processing costs for cheese-makers is much less for the lower quantity.

The highest officially recorded annual yield now stands at 2,531 Kgs and the top 24 hour yield at a BGS recognised show of 8.25 Kgs. These are yields of outstanding animals, yet plenty of Anglo-Nubian goats are capable of daily yields of 4 to 5 Kgs and annual lactations of 1,040 – 1,250 Kgs.

To support the high quality and encourage good yields, it is important that Anglo-Nubians receive food of good quality and sufficient in quantity. They cannot give their best unless they are fed well.

Nubian Doe

Appearance and Build

The breed is very sturdy and strong, with a high, proud head carriage and majestic bearing.  The head is the distinctive breed characteristic, with the facial profile between the eyes and the muzzle being decidedly convex. The convexity of a male's head is often even more highly pronounced than that of the doe. 

The ears are long (extending at least one inch beyond the muzzle when held flat along the face), wide and pendulous.  They lie close to the head at the temple and flare slightly out and well forward at the rounded tip, forming a "bell" shape.  The ears are not thick, with the cartilage well-defined with short fine glossy hair.

The stance is more upright than that of the Swiss breeds.  There is a pronounced brisket and high withers. The neck is long and fine, without tassels.  The females have a short glossy coat, while the males have a longer and harsher coat.  Both does and bucks come in all colours and colour combinations: chestnut, fawn, black, white, cream, with mottled, marbled, tortoiseshell patterning.

If horned, they should be set wide apart and should sweep backwards without any outward curve.

The udder is spherical, attached to the body over a wide area, high, silky not fleshy. Front attachment should extend well forward, without forming a pocket between the udder and wall barrel, without being pendulous and with no indentation between the two halves.  The teats should be symmetrical, placed well apart and pointing slightly forward, not large, and they should be clearly distinguishable from the udder. Milk duct should be large and prominent.

It is one of the heaviest and tallest breeds of goat, with a mature doe standing at least 30 inches at the withers and weighing 135 pounds or more. The males should stand at least 35 inches at the withers and weigh at least 175 pounds.

Nubian Buck

References:

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/goats/anglonubian/index.html/

http://articles.extension.org/pages/19286/goat-breeds-nubian

http://www.i-n-b-a.org/history.htm

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